Facts About Water

Just For Fun

  • The amount of water is constant and recycled throughout time; actually, it is possible to drink water that was part of the dinosaur era.
  • 97 percent of the earth's water is saltwater that is found in the oceans and seas.
  • Of the 3 percent left that is freshwater, only 1% is available for consuming...the remaining 2 percent is frozen in the polar ice caps.
  • The total amount of water on the earth is about 326 million cubic miles of water.
  • Scientists estimate groundwater accounts for more than 95 precent of all fresh water available for use.
  • Water freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit, O degrees Celsius.
  • Water boils at 212 degrees Fahrenheit, 100 degrees Celsius.
  • Water is unusual in that the solid form, ice, is less dense than the liquid form, which is why ice floats.
  • Water regulates the earth’s temperature. It also regulates the temperature of the human body, carries nutrients and oxygen to cells, cushions joints, protects organs and tissues and removes wastes.
  • The United States uses about 346,000 million gallons of fresh water every day.
  • The United States uses nearly 80 percent of its water for irrigation and thermoelectric power.
  • People need about 2.5 quarts of water a day (from drinking or eating) to maintain good health.
  • While usage varies from community to community and person to person, on average, American families use 183 gallons of water each day for cooking, washing, flushing and watering purposes. The average family turns on the tap between 70 and 100 times daily.
  • By comparison, the average African family uses about 5 gallons of water each day.
  • On average, 50-70 percent of household water is used outdoors (watering lawns, washing cars).

How much water is in the following?

  • Humans - Water makes up almost sixty six percent of the human body and seventy percent of the brain.
  • At birth, water accounts for approximately 80 percent of an infant’s body weight.
  • One ear of corn is 80 percent water.
  • 75 percent of a living tree is water.
  • 75 percent of a chicken is water.
  • 80 percent of a pineapple is water.
  • 95 percent of a tomato is water.
  • Drinking too much water too quickly can lead to water intoxication. Water intoxication occurs when water dilutes the sodium level in the bloodstream and causes an imbalance of water in the brain.
  • Water intoxication is most likely to occur during periods of intense athletic performance.
  • Approximately 85 percent of U.S. residents receive their water from public water facilities. The remaining 15 percent supply their own water from private wells or other sources.
  • By the time a person feels thirsty, his or her body has lost over 1 percent of its total water amount.
  • The weight a person loses directly after intense physical activity is weight from water, not fat.

Industries need water too! On average, it takes...

  • 39,090 gallons of water to manufacture a new car and its four tires.
  • 62,600 gallons of water to produce one ton of steel.
  • 1,500 gallons to process one barrel of beer.
  • 9.3 gallons to process one can of fruit or vegetables.
  • The average cost for water supplied to a home in the U.S. is about $2.00 for 1,000 gallons, which equals about five gallons for a penny.

By comparison, it costs:

  • Over $3.25 per gallon of milk.
  • Over $3.50 for one gallon of gasoline.
  • Approximately $8.88 per gallon of Coors.
  • Approximately $31 per gallon of Red Bull energy drink.
  • Over $25,000 per gallon of Channel No. 5 perfume.